Vastu means the Structure and Shastra means the Science. Vastu Shastra unifies the science, art, astronomy and astrology; it can also be said as an ancient mystic science for designing and building. The science of Vastu is based on the basic fact that man and nature, both are in equal harmony with each other and that they are composed of the same five basic elements. Both, man and the environment affect each otherís existence. Vastuís principles establish to create a harmony between the five elements viz. Earth, Sky, Fire, Water and air in the environment.
Ancient sages of India applied their Vastu knowledge to mitigate the negative functioning of our environment and increase the positive aspects. Vastu Shastra is developed by people those who knew that our planet Earth is a globe and all planets including Earth are moving around the Sun. They also knew positions of every planet in our solar system with their speed of rotation around the Sun.
The selection of site for building construction is very important.
The North-East direction is always auspicious and suitable for water. The flow of rain or fresh water should be towards North- East.
The direction of Fire is South-East. The Kitchen, fireplace, geysers etc. should be placed only in this direction. Alternatively these could be placed in North-West, because it is at 180 degree to South-East.
The air should enter the building from North -East. All the openings for air entry such as doors, windows, ventilators coolers, air-conditioners, verandahs, balconies etc. should be in these directions.
Traditionally every house in India used to have an open space (Court Yard) in the center of the house. It provided the dwellers not only the open sky but also sunlight and cross-ventilation of air.
The directions of East and West are important as far as obtaining the energy from the sun is concerned. The importance of the directions of the North and the South lies in the flow of magnetic waves which flows from North Pole to South Pole.
The principal Gods/ presiding deities of each direction are:
Northeast- Eeshanya- Ruled by Mahadev Siva
Best for main entrance, Pooja / worship room, meditation room, drinking water fountain.
East- Aditya- Ruled by Sun God
Best for bathroom, verandah, balcony, exercise room, main entrance for shops / banks.
Southeast- Agni- Ruled by Lord of Fire
Best for kitchen / pantry with cooking range / platform in the south-east corner.
South- Yama- Ruled by Lord of Death
Best for steps going up towards south or mezzanine floor.
Southwest- Pitru- Ruled by ancestors
Best for master bedroom, lumber, first floor extension or over head water tank.
West- Varuna- Ruled by Lord of water
Best for dining room, study room, toilets
Northwest- Vayu- ruled by Lord of Winds
Best for children bedroom or store room.
North- Kubera- Ruled by Lord of Wealth
Best for living room, strong room, porch, cellar, basement, open terrace, verandah.
Some tips for planning your house: